Sustainable Feed Alternatives from ‘Green’ Resource

World compound feed production is fast approaching an estimated 1 billion tons annually (USA and China are the largest producers), with around 300 million tons of feed being produced directly by farm mixing. Global commercial feed manufacturing generates an estimated annual turnover of over US $400 billion. A significant well-functioning market is already there and […]

  Ethanol, feed components and fungal biomass production from field beans (Vicia faba var. equina) seeds in an integrated process

The use of field beans, a non-food leguminous crop, was studied for ethanol, feed components and fungal biomass production. The seeds were hydrolyzed using enzymes or with combination of acid (H3PO4) and alkaline (Ca(OH)2) pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis. Fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae, with or without removal of suspended solids, yielded 38.3–42.5 g L-1 ethanol (71.3–79.2% […]

  Patenting of microorganisms: Systems and concerns

A patent is a bunch of exclusive rights granted by the state to an inventor or his assignee on satisfying certain conditions. The inventor is given a monopoly right over the product for a fixed number of years in exchange for the public disclosure of certain details of a machine, method or the composition of […]

  Techno-Economic and Life-cycle Assessment of Wastewater Management from Potato Starch Production : Present Status and Alternative Biotreatments

Potato liquor, a byproduct of potato starch production, is steam-treated to produce protein isolate. The heat treated potato liquor (HTPL), containing significant amounts of organic compounds, still needs to be further treated before it is discarded. Presently, the most common strategy for HTPL management is concentrating it via evaporation before using it as a fertilizer. […]